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Blood Pressure

High blood pressure or hypertension has become a disease that is common to many people at this time, especially for those living in urban areas. High blood pressure or hypertension to become one of the causes of stroke, heart attack, and kidney also failed. And the worst consequences of this disease is death. Therefore, if you can, this disease must be prevented. If you have high blood pressure, you can control this disease. How to prevent and control hypertension or high blood?

Before discussing about high blood pressure or hypertension, it's good to know you first about the blood pressure. When you do a physical examination or clinical examination to the doctor, usually have a special tool used by doctors to check blood pressure. Tool to check the blood pressure is also known sphigmomanometer or with tensimeter. There are digital and have tensimeter also tensimeter mercury that is still commonly used for clinical examination.

Doctors will perform blood pressure checks with the orders you to sit or lie down, because the best position to measure blood pressure. Then the doctor will usually be binding on the air bag on the arm on the right arm unless there is injury. After that, blood pressure measurements performed. Sistolik difference between the pressure and pressure pulsation diastolik called.

What is blood pressure? Blood pressure is the pressure experienced by the blood vessel in the arterial blood when the heart pumps to by all members of the human body. Blood pressure is created by taking two different sizes and usually there are two numbers that will be referred by a doctor. For example, doctors take the 140-90, is the means 140/90 mmHg. The first number (140) showed up to pressure vessel due to arterial pulsation at the heart or heart beat or rattle, and called sistolik pressure or pressure is often called upon. The second number (90) shows the pressure when the heart pumping a rest in between, and is called pressure or diastolik often also referred under pressure.

After the blood pressure to know, you want to know whether your blood pressure, including low, normal or high. The following blood pressure classification based on the number of measurement results with tensimeter to pressure sistolik and diastolik:

Blood Pressure Sistolik (the first number) Diastolik (the second number)
Low blood or hipotensi Under 90 Under 60
Normal 90 - 120 60 - 80
Pre-hipertensi 120 - 140 80 - 90
High blood atau hipertensi (stadium 1) 140 - 160 90 - 100
high blood atau hipertensi (stadium 2 / dangerous) Over 160 Over 100

Why Blood pressure increased?

What causes blood pressure to rise? As an illustration, if you are flush with the garden hose. If you press the tip of the hose, the water will come out fast. This is because water pressure increases when the hose is pressed. In addition, if you zoom in tap water, the flow of water through the hose will be faster because of increased water debit.

The same happens with your blood. If you narrow the blood vessel, the blood pressure in the blood vessel will be increased. In addition, if the amount of blood flow increases, blood pressure will also increase.

The cause of High Blood

There are several things that can cause someone has high blood pressure. There are factors cause high blood pressure that is not you control. There is also, that you can overcome the disease, so high blood. Some factors include:
  • Offspring
This factor can not you control. If someone has the older brother or who have high blood pressure, the possibility he suffered from high blood pressure is greater. Statistics show that high blood pressure higher in the identical twin of a twin is not identical. A research shows that there is evidence revealed that genes for high blood pressure.
  • Age
This factor can not you control. Research shows that as age increases a person, blood pressure will increase. You can not expect that your blood pressure at young will same when you grow older. But you can control so do not skip over the normal limit.
  • Salt
You can factor this control. Salt can increase blood pressure quickly in some people, especially for diabetics, people with mild hypertension, people with old age, and those of color.
  • Cholesterol
You can factor this control. Per the excess fat in your blood, cholesterol can cause a heap on the blood vessel wall. This can create a narrow blood vessel and consequently blood pressure will increase. controlyour cholesterol as early as possible. For tips on controlling cholesterol, please see the following articles: cholesterol.
  • Obesity / overweight
You can factor this control. People who have a body weight above the 30 percent ideal body weight, have a greater likelihood of suffering from high blood pressure.
  • Stress
You can factor this control. Stress and emotional conditions that are not stable can also trigger high blood pressure.
  • Cigarettes
You can factor this control. Smoking can also increase blood pressure becomes high. usual smoking can increase the risk of diabetes, heart attack and stroke. Therefore, smoking habit, which continues to proceed when it has high blood pressure, is a very dangerous combination that will trigger diseases related to heart and blood.
  • Caffeine
You can factor this control. Caffeine found in coffee, tea and cola drinks can cause increased blood pressure.
  • Alcohol
You can factor this control. Excessive consumption of alcohol also causes high blood pressure.
  • Poor Sports
You can factor this control. Poor sport and movement can cause the blood pressure in the body increases. Sports regularly able to reduce high blood pressure but you do not do sports that if you are suffering high blood pressure.

Preventing and Overcoming High Blood

To prevent high blood for you who still have normal blood pressure or high blood for the you who already have high blood pressure, the following practical suggestions can you do:

  • Reduce consumption of salt in your food. If you already have high blood pressure you should avoid foods that contain salt.
  • The consumption of foods that contain potassium, magnesium and calcium. Potassium, magnesium and calcium is able to reduce high blood pressure.
  • Reduce food or drink beralkohol. If you have high blood pressure, should avoid excessive alcohol consumption. For men who suffer hypertension, the amount of alcohol is permitted a maximum of 30 ml of alcohol per day while the women's 15 ml per day.
  • Sports regularly can reduce high blood pressure. If you have high blood pressure, choose a lightweight sports such as walking, cycling, running relaxed, and swimming. Perform for 30 to 45 minutes a day as much as 3 times a week.
  • Eat vegetables and fruit are high fibrous vegetables such as green, banana, tomato, carrot, melon, and citrus.
  • Run anti-stress therapy in order to reduce stress and you are able to control your emotions.
  • Stop smoking also contribute to reduce the large high blood pressure or hypertension.
  • Control measure your cholesterol.
  • You Control diabetes.
  • Avoid drugs that can increase blood pressure. Consult your doctor if you are to receive treatment for certain diseases, to ask for medicine that does not increase blood pressure.
High blood can be

High blood pressure or hypertension is not a disease that can not be removed. You can Control and prevent high blood.

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1 komentar

Dr Adil Ramzan mengatakan... @ 4 Februari 2012 23.08

Medical Education is now very important for every person because now a days it is very important to know about body functioning and hazardous effects of environment.

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